Sunday, January 27, 2013

Construction of Brickwall

Construction of a wall is a prominent activity in a building work. building wall are categorised in two that is External Wall and Internal wall which is including the inside building partition. Building wall can be build using various material. Among them are masonry, Timber, concrete, metal and mixture of material which can be call composite. Each of this material have their own construction method to ensure the integrity of the building. However over here we will focus on masonry wall.

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Masonry wall
Timber wall
Metal wall (decorative)

Concrete wall

Masonry wall usually come in three variance of thickness. The three variance are Half brick wall, one brick wall and double brick wall. The construction of these three variance of thickness is actually the same. below is how the construction of the masonry wall a done.

Step 1:
setting out of the wall position by method of string and plumbob.

 setting out of the wall position shall be in accordance with the architectural construction drawings.

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Step 2:
construction of the wall base follows after step 1. construction of this foundation consist of  a layer cement mortar (usually 1:3 ratio) , a layer of Exmet wire embedded in the cement mortar, a layer of damp proof course and the top layer is another layer of cement mortar.

Step 3:
Immediately after the top layer of the foundation, a layer of masonry shall be lay with the guidance of the previously installed string. This string will ensure the verticality and horizontal line of the wall.

Step 4:
On the top of the masonry layer, another layer of cement mortar shall follow. This process shall continue until it reach the fourth course of the masonry layer.

step 5:
Right after the fourth course of the masonry layer, another layer of cement mortar shall be laid follow by a layer of exmet wire then covered with another layer of cement mortar.

Step 6:
Repeat the process from step 3 until step 5. All the process shall be the same until the whole piece of wall is complete.

Step 7:
After the completion of the masonry work for the wall. the next sequence of the activity will be wall cover up using cement mortar. The covered up work is called plastering.

The construction of the masonry wall is relatively easy. However do not overlook on the the housekeeping process. I Stressed the words of housekeeping here because many masonry layer usually failed to cleaned the excess mortar that drop on the ground just next to the foundation. This excess must be cleaned before it get hardened. If this excess not cleaned it will affect the work of the plasterer and also the floor renderer.

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Saturday, January 26, 2013


Project planning and management is the father to a successful construction. Establishing a Master work program is the initial step to start a construction project. Without work program, a contractor will easily get lost in ensuring that his project will be completed on time.

Work program is a path that all contractor shall follow closely. It is a guidance to all project management staff on what and when an activity shall start and finish. However Physical activity alone is not the only thing that is crucial for achieving the project goal. Proper tracking of documentation ranging from contractual requirement to technical correspondence are also playing an important role in ensuring the physical activity can be implement smoothly. 

Most contractor always failed to keep track on this matter. Due to that, I publish here a free sample on how I do my tracking. By filling this form I can easily know what been submitted and what is the status. For example, in any building construction activity, there is a lot of construction materials that need to be submitted for approval.prior to its usage for construction. All contractor know that they have to do this early and most of the material sample and specification usually had been submitted for approval with-in  three to four month after the award of a project. However some of the material submission needs few months to be study and consider before any approval is given. In this case, how does the tracking form become an important tool to ensure that the approval can be received. 

This is how it happen. Every weeks or months contractor will review what activity will start the next following week or month. By knowing the activity, contractor will immediately know what is the construction material needed and do this material need any approval. If  the answer is yes, than the form if properly recorded it will show whether the material had been submitted or not and what is the status of approval. With this approach, contractor do not have to flip open the whole file to know what is the status of the material. Does this look easier to us. 

Therefore, by implementing this tracking form in the project monitoring process by managers or engineers it will help in making the construction works can be done smoothly.  

Friday, January 11, 2013

Construction Rules and Regulations

Dear all that already involve in construction , please follow the rules and regulation of your respective area where you conduct your business. Don't waste your hard earn money to pay summons.

** This article is belong to The borneo Post.**